During the loan application process, you'll work with your lender to determine your eligibility for a mortgage, folding in the terms of your loan, property details, down payment and other factors. If you qualify, you'll then discuss the terms and all the costs associated with the loan.
Here's what you can expect
The Mortgage Application
Your lender will work with you to complete a Uniform Residential Loan Application and you’ll need to provide your most recent:
- Paycheck stubs
- Statements from all bank and investment accounts
- Statements for all outstanding debt
- Tax returns
- Proof of any supplemental income
The approval process
Your lender will submit your information for approval, using the following to assess your eligibility:
- Your "Four Cs": capacity to repay, capital (cash available), collateral (the home), and your credit score.
- Housing Expense Ratio – the percentage of your gross monthly income that will be used to pay your mortgage
- Debt-to-income Ratio – the percentage of your gross monthly income that will be used to pay your mortgage and other debts
Within 3 days of completing your application, your lender will send you Loan Estimates that includes:
- The terms of your loan and all estimated costs
- Your APR, finance charge, and payment schedule
If you're approved, your lender will schedule an appraisal to determine the market value of the home.
Important Tip: Always provide every page of every document your lender requests.
Tool and Resources
Step-by-Step Mortgage Guide
Understand the mortgage process, from application to closing.
Choosing the Mortgage Option for You
Learn more about the types of mortgages and the option that may be best for you.
CreditSmart: Module 11: Becoming a Homeowner
Get practical information on how to prepare to obtain a mortgage and own a home.