Freddie Mac is a part of the secondary mortgage market, which connects lenders, homebuyers and investors from around the world in a single, efficient system that makes home possible for millions of America's families and renters.
The Creation of the Secondary Mortgage Market
The U.S. Congress created the secondary mortgage market in the 1930s to give lenders a bigger, steadier and more evenly distributed stream of mortgage money to stabilize the nation's residential mortgage markets and expand opportunities for homeownership and affordable rental housing.
To support America's secondary mortgage market, the U.S. Congress chartered Freddie Mac in 1970 to keep money flowing through the mortgage system, in good economic times and bad.
The Secondary Mortgage Market Cycle
The secondary mortgage market is a continuous cycle involving trillions of dollars moving around the world and global investors to local lenders, to borrowers across the country and back again.
Where Freddie Mac Gets the Money to Buy Mortgage Loans
Freddie Mac generates money to buy mortgages and finance rental housing by:
- Charging management and guarantee fees for accepting and managing the risks associated with the mortgages it buys.
- Selling bonds to investors around the world.
As part of the secondary mortgage market, Freddie Mac provides a stable, consistent source of mortgage funding and supports the U.S. housing market.
How the Secondary Mortgage Market Benefits Homebuyers
The secondary mortgage market benefits homebuyers in many ways, including:
- Keeping mortgage rates lower.
- Enabling interest rates for mortgage loans to be similar across the country, in good times and bad.
- Making mortgage loans with longer terms, such as 15 and 30 years, available to borrowers.
- Allowing borrowers to refinance at any time without penalty, in most cases.
In short, the secondary mortgage market puts homeownership in reach for more of America's qualified borrowers.
For more information about how Freddie Mac is making homeownership and rental housing more accessible and affordable nationwide, see our About Freddie Mac page.